The world is full of mind-blowing man-made wonders which boast the progress of humanity over thousands of years. With many incredible and breathtaking sites built by ancient civilizations, it is difficult to narrow down the best. But for those who are on an endless quest for historical monuments and ancient ruins, here is a list of some of the world’s best destinations.
Taj Mahal, India
The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, India, is one of the seven wonders of the world. Built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the monument was a tribute to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. This white marble tomb attracts millions of tourists annually. The best time to see the Taj is at sunset around a full moon.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, located in Southern Peru, is one of the iconic structure of the Inca civilization. It dates back to 1462 AD and is a living reminder of the Incan Empire. Rediscovered only in 1911, the site has its own fascinations such as Room of the Three Windows, Intihuatana Stone, and Temple of the Sun.
Famously known as the Rose City, Petra is a stunning architectural wonder carved into pink sandstone. Believed to have been built in 312 BC, Petra houses around 800 structures which include temples, baths and tombs. The water conduit systems and rock-cut architecture are some of the major attractions here.
Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Angkor Wat is one of the most prominent landmarks in Cambodia built by King Suryavarman II. It is famous for being the only temple that faces the west. Built in the 12th century, it is a classic example of Khmer architecture. This landmark is surrounded by other popular temples such as Bayon, Angkor Thom, and Ta Phrom.
The Acropolis of Athens has many historical monuments and ancient ruins. The Parthenon is one of the astounding wonders amongst them. This ancient temple to Athena stands as a testament to Greek Civilization. Over the years, a major portion of the Parthenon has been destroyed by war, but the main structure still stands.
Stonehenge, United Kingdom
Located in Wiltshire, England, this world wonder is a circular setting of large standing stones. According to archaeologists, Stonehenge was constructed between 3000 BC to 2000 BC. The construction and purpose of this monument is still a mystery and remains a debate topic among archaeologists.
The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
The famous and stunning Great Pyramids of Giza was built around 2560 BC. It was built over a twenty year period during the reign of King Khufu. It is the oldest among the seven wonders of the world, and has survived over 4500 years. The three pyramids contain tons of secret chambers that still have not been opened.
The Great Wall, China
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications built by Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. It was constructed in several phases and later joined to form a single wall. The best-preserved section of the wall was built during the Ming Dynasty, around the 14th century. It was built to keep Mongol hordes from invading the country, though it never effectively prevented invaders.